Sachin Dev Burman or S.D. Burman was born on October 1, 1906, at Comilla, Bangladesh in erstwhile British India. He was born to Nabadwipchandra Dev Burman and Rajkumari Nirmala Devi. His father hailed from the royal family of Tripura while his mother hailed from the royal family of Manipur. His father was a sitarist and Dhrupad singer and his first teacher. He was married to Meera Dev Burman in 1938 and a son named RD Burman who later also became one of the great music directors of India like his father. S.D. Burman completed hid graduation from Calcutta University. He started his formal training in music under KC Dey and learnt from Bhismadev Chattopadhaya, Kahifa Badal Khan and Utsad Allauddin Khan.
Career of SD Burman:
S.D. Burman was a music director, composer and a singer of great repute. He sang Bengali songs and composed Bengali music. He has composed music in over 100 films. Burman Da’s works were based on Bengali folk music. His film music was influenced by folk tune. The influence of Rabindra sangeet and Nazrul Geeti were evident in his music. He had explored the forest of Tripura and Assam from where he gained his experience in folk culture. He has scored music for 89 Hindi, 31 Bangla movies, 137 Bangla non-film songs and 26 Hindi non-film songs and sang over 20 film songs. He started work as a radio singer on Calcutta radio station in 1932. The compositions of SD Burman were sung by Lata Mangeshkar, Md Rafi, Geeta Dutt, Manna Dey, Kishore Kumar, Hemanta Kumar, Mukesh, Samshad Begum and so forth. The most memorable of his compositions are the ones he did for Dev Anand and Guru Dutt.
He moved to Mumbai in 1944. His major break came with “Do Bhai”. The song “Mera Sundar Sapna Beet Gaya” was a breakthrough in the film industry. His teeming up with Dev Anand’s Navketan Production brought out one of the best music compositions of the Hindi film industry. The music of the films such as “Taxi Driver”,”Nau Do Gyarah”, “Kala Pani” etc. became super hits. He also wrote music for Guru Dutt’s film “Pyasa” and “Kaagaz Ke Phool”. The films “Guide” and “Aradhana” were the most successful films of his career. All the songs of the film “Guide” were super-hit during its release. The music score of the films such as “Munimji”, “Paying Guest”, “Baazi”, “Devdas”,”House no 44”, “Funtoosh”, “Sujata”, “Chalti Ka Naam Gadi” and several others have acquired the status of classics to this date.
He was a disciple of Ustad Aftabuddin Khan and became an ace flutist. He started his own music school in Calcutta as “Sur Mandir”. He started his career in Calcutta as a folk and light classical music singer. His first film as a singer was “Sanjher Pidim”. He started work as a music director in Calcutta in 1939. He worked as a radio singer on Calcutta radio station in 1932. In the Bengali music arena he reached his peak as a Bengali singer. In 1934 he attended the All India Music Conference where he sang his Bengali thumri. Later in the Bengal Music Conference he sang his Bengali thumri.
As a music composer he started with Bengali plays. His films “Rajgee” and “Rajkumar” became an instant hit. Other important chronology of his successful scores includes “Abhoyer Biye”, “Jakher Dhan”, “Milon”, “Kalankini’ etc. His successful music in films include “Jevan Sangini”, “Protishodh”, “Abhoyer Biye”, “Chaddobeshi”, “Bandini”, “Guide”, “Aradhna”, “Bambai ka Baboo”, “Tere Ghar ke samne”, “Teen Deviyan”, “Jewel thief”, “Ziddi”, “Aradhna”, “Prem Pujari”, “Tere mere sapne”, “Sharmilee”, “Abhiman”, “Chupke Chupke”, “Mili” etc. The music composed by Burman Da has attained the repute of classics. Some of his classic compositions include “Mera sundar sapna beet gaya”, “Tadbir se bigdi hui taqdeer”, “Ye raat ye chandni”, “jalte he jiske liye”, “Jinhe naaz he hind”, “Waqt ne kiya kya haseen sitam’, “Mere sajan he us paar”, “Waha kon he tera”, “Safal hogi teri aradhana”, “Poocho na kese mene” etc.
He died on October 31, 1975, at the age of 69 at Mumbai.
Awards and Recognition of S.D. Burman:
The soundtrack of the film “Pyasa” was chosen as one of “the Best Music in Film” by Sight & Sound, the British film institute magazine. In 1958 he was awarded the Sangeet Natak Academi Award. The Government of India awarded him with the Padmashree in 1969. For the song “Safal hogi teri aradhana” from the film “Aradhana” he received the national film award for Best Male playback Singer in 1970. And in 1974 he received the national film award for Best music direction for the film “Zindagi Zindagi”. The India postal Department released a commemorative postal stamp in Agartala in his honour. The Tripura state government confers the yearly Sachin Dev Burman Memorial award in music in his honour.
The Entire Music Industry
(FAN OF Mr. SACHIN DEV BURMAN)
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